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Cardiac metabolism and function are intrinsically linked. High-energy phosphates occupy a central and obligate position in cardiac metabolism, coupling oxygen and substrate fuel delivery to the myocardium with external work. This insight underlies the widespread clinical use of ischaemia testing. However, other deficits in high-energy phosphate metabolism (not secondary to supply-demand mismatch of oxygen and substrate fuels) may also be documented, and are of particular interest when found in the context of structural heart disease. This review introduces the scope of deficits in high-energy phosphate metabolism that may be observed in the myocardium, how to assess for them, and how they might be interpreted.

Original publication




Journal article


Cardiovascular diagnosis and therapy

Publication Date





625 - 635


University of Oxford Centre for Clinical Magnetic Resonance Research (OCMR), Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.