Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The baculovirus-expressed core protein VP7 of African horse sickness virus serotype 4 (AHSV-4) has been purified to homogeneity and crystallized in the presence of 2.8 M urea. The X-ray structure has been solved to a 2.3-Angstroms (1 Angstrom = 0.1 nm) resolution with an Rfactor of 19.8%. The structure of AHSV VP7 reveals that during crystallization, the two-domain protein is cleaved and only the top domain remains. A similar problem was encountered previously with bluetongue virus (BTV) VP7 (whose structure has been reported), showing that the connections between the top and the bottom domains are rather weak for these two distinct orbiviruses. The top domains of both BTV and AHSV VP7 are trimeric and structurally very similar. The electron density maps show that they both possess an extra electron density feature along their molecular threefold axes, which is most likely due to an unidentified ion. The characteristics of the molecular surface of BTV and AHSV VP7 suggest why AHSV VP7 is much less soluble than BTV VP7 and indicate the possibility of attachment to the cell via attachment of an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif in the top domain of VP7 to a cellular integrin for both of these orbiviruses.


Journal article


Journal of virology

Publication Date





3797 - 3806


The Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.


African horse sickness virus, Oligopeptides, Viral Core Proteins, Crystallization, Amino Acid Sequence, Molecular Sequence Data