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We conducted a retrospective, observational study of 42 children with intracranial empyema admitted to a pediatric neurosurgical center over a 9-year period. Intracranial empyema is rare, but causes significant morbidity and mortality. Twenty-eight cases had neurosurgical source control, more commonly for subdural collections. Streptococcus anginosus group bacteria are important pathogens in subdural empyema, whose isolation predicts more complicated postoperative courses.

Original publication




Journal article


The Pediatric infectious disease journal

Publication Date



From the Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.