Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Among the earliest responses to mitogens that have been detected in normal quiescent cells are ionic changes: we have described rapid increases in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca]i) and in the intracellular pH (pHi) in mitogen-stimulated thymocytes and fibroblasts (Hesketh, T. R., Moore, J. P., Morris, J. D. H., Taylor, M. V., Rogers, J., Smith, G. A., and Metcalfe, J. C. (1985) Nature 313, 482-484). Here we investigate the relationship between these ionic signals and the subsequent expression of the c-fos and c-myc proto-oncogenes in murine thymocytes. We show that the plant lectin concanavalin A (ConA), the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) and the Ca2+-ionophore A23187 each causes a rapid increase in both c-fos and c-myc mRNAs. The activation of both genes is completely dependent on the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca]o) for A23187 and independent of [Ca]o for TPA. Activation of c-myc, but not c-fos, by ConA is partially dependent on [Ca]o. The pHi increases generated by ConA or TPA are not necessary for expression of mRNA from either gene in response to these mitogens. Exogenous 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (but not 8-bromo-cyclic GMP) inhibits the c-myc responses to ConA and TPA. The data also show that neither early c-fos nor c-myc expression is sufficient to commit the cells to DNA synthesis.


Journal article


The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Date





8158 - 8162


Thymus Gland, Animals, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Calcium, Egtazic Acid, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Calcimycin, Concanavalin A, RNA, Messenger, 8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Cell Division, DNA Replication, Oncogenes, Osmolar Concentration