Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND:Phase contrast velocity mapping sequences utilising ultrashort echo time (UTE) radial k-space sequences have been used to reduce intravoxel dephasing at high velocities. We evaluated the accuracy of the UTE flow sequence for mitral regurgitation (MR) quantification, including patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS:Forty patients underwent cardiac MRI for indirect MR quantification by assessment of aortic flow using a UTE phase contrast sequence (TE 0.65 ms) combined with left ventricular stroke volume. Retrospective ECG-gating was used in sinus rhythm (30 patients), prospective ECG-triggering in atrial fibrillation (10). MR was also quantified by a standard phase contrast sequence (TE 2.85 ms, standard flow method) and by comparing stroke volumes (volumetric method). RESULTS:UTE flow-derived MR measurement showed modest agreement in sinus rhythm (95% limits of agreement: ±38.2 ml; ±29.8%) and atrial fibrillation (±33.7 ml; ±30.3%) compared to standard flow assessment. There was little systematic bias in sinus rhythm (mean offset -4.4 ml /-3.5% compared to standard flow assessment), but a slight bias towards greater regurgitation in atrial fibrillation (+15.2 ml /+14.0%). There were wider limits of agreement between the UTE flow method and volumetric method than between the regular flow method and the volumetric method in sinus rhythm (±48.4 ml; ±36.4%; mean offset: -12.2 ml /-9.0%) and similar limits of agreement in atrial fibrillation (±29.6 ml; 25.8%; +12.0 ml /+10.3%). CONCLUSIONS:UTE flow imaging is inferior to conventional flow techniques for MR assessment in patients with sinus rhythm as well as atrial fibrillation. However, the number of atrial fibrillation patients in this initial study is small.

Original publication




Journal article


International journal of cardiology

Publication Date



Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Ulmenweg 18, 91054 Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: